Get the world-class Melasma or Hyper-pigmentation treatment in Delhi. AWISH Clinic, headed by specialist Dermatologist Dr. Vijay kumar who does not profess. But it has been docketed providing specialized tailor-made procedures for Melasma/Hyper-pigmentation with above 90% of a success rate compared to those who are just satisfied in money-spinning, getting significant cases & delivering as low as 10%-30% success rate.

Cure for Melasma has ever been listened to be impossible and unproductive. Still, our Combination of therapies makes this Melasma Treatment or Hyperpigmentation Treatment not only distinctive but highly effective too.


Dr. Vijay kumar says— while skin problems aren’t prejudicial, Melasma is an adamant, annoying one that’s chartered chiefly for women, but men get victimized to the violent disorder too.

According to Dr. Vijay Kumar, 80% of people that make trouble for Melasma are women. More further, what gets on someone’s cord is that many people don’t even recognize that thy have Melasma, which can sometimes control injury, or the situation worsens if it goes untreated.


Melasma is a stubborn skin condition defined by blue-gray, brown, or tan spots, also seen as skin discoloration. The skin condition is most commonly seen in women in the middle of their reproductive cycles. Melasma is a variety of facial pigmentation, and it’s found in 3 different areas of the face: the cheekbones, the center portion of the beginning, and the jawline.

Though some will see Melasma on their forehead, nose bridge, and jaw, it may surface on different parts of the body, including the arms, chest, or neck—any patch of skin that comes into contact with the sun a lot.

The great news is that Melasma doesn’t have any everlasting physical health risks, but these patches can lead to psychological discomfort and disturbance?

Many health care providers deserve to have lots of ways to reduce the look of this skin condition. Still, most patients face exploitation to money-making advertisements and switch to different dermatologists, one after the other, that only ends up only people in financial and physical blight.

That said, one must understand that the human capacity for renewal is phenomenal, and the right course of treatment can make it even more potent and create a solid mindset to overcome any sickness for congratulatory survival.

Let’s scrabble about the signs, causes of Melasma and take into account the strategic ways you can be treated and prevent future discoloration. 

Facts about Melasma:

  • Melasma is also known as the cover of pregnancy or chloasma. Melasma is prevalent in women aged between 20 to 50 years old.
  • Melasma is not transmissible or infectious and does not happen due to any particular allergy.
  • Melasma is a hyperpigmentation class and is usually common in three areas: the cheekbones, the jawline, and the central face.
  • Melasma often takes place during pregnancy.
  • Dermatologists, Skin surgeons, and Skin Specialists can do in-office procedures or prescribe facilitating agents to treat Melasma.
  • The best way to stop & control Melasma is by restricting shielding Skin from UV rays, sun exposure, wearing SPF 30+ sunscreen, and avoiding hygiene, cosmetics products, or medications that hurt your skin.
  • Though women make up for the vast majority of Melasma cases, men can also be targets of the condition.
  • Irrespective of gender, the prevention and reduction of Melasma’s aggravation requires one essential element: sunscreen (of 30 SPF or more with reapplication). An SPF of 30 provides 96% protection from the sun’s harmful radiations and UV beams, while SPF 45 gives 98% protection. It’s currently difficult for any SPF to offer 100% protection from the sun.
  • Melasma, for some, can automatically leave, especially in cases of pregnant women.
  • Melasma has many different treatments, including OTC lotions, prescription medicines, and clinical procedures such as chemical peels, Mesotherapy, and Laser therapy that, if performed righteously, can provide excellent results & put the irritation spots to death.
  • Any treatment is not viable for pregnant women until after childbirth due to potential difficulties from the medicines.
  • There are indications that a person has both types of Dermal (pigmentation in deeper layers of skin) and Epidermal (found solely in the exterior layer of your skin) type of Melasma at the same time. Dermatologists treat each class individually. Sometimes, a compound of both is provided at the same time.

Symptoms of Melasma

Research of Pigmentation on Your Own

Is there any warning sign given by the body that you are under the trap of Melasma or Hyperpigmentation?

Indeed you are warned that all that is needed to understand its apparent signs and do not blend it with different skin problems or allergies related to Melasma. They are as follows:

  • Brownish-colored Patches of discoloration are darker than your standard skin tone. It typically seems on the face, including the Bridge of the Nose, forehead, cheeks, and Chin, and is balanced, with similar marks on both sides of the face.
  • It can also occur on the forearms and neck.

Certain characteristics of Melasma

Melasma forms in definite patterns, easily identified as blemishes on the skin related to brown patches of rough skin or freckles that get bigger with time. Some of these patterns are:

  • Brachial Melasma: This seems on the upper arms and shoulders.
  • Centrofacial pattern: Cheeks, Forehead, Upper lips, and Nose. 
  • Lateral cheek pattern: Starts symmetrically over the cheek on both sides of the face.
  • Malar pattern: This occurs on the nose and cheeks.
  • Mandibular pattern: Begins forming around the jawline.

Therefore, if you’ve seen discoloration essentially on your face, the spiral Melasma could have placed in.

If you see these marks of Melasma, consult a professional and experienced dermatologist who can recommend you the right management strategies, products, and procedures. That helps you eradicate this skin condition and let you have a bright complexion & even skin tone. You would have suffered during the disorder and the unreliable treatments you’ve got.

How is Melasma diagnosed?


Because of the distinct features of melasma pigmentation, diagnosing it is relatively straightforward for doctors. Usually, the diagnosis for Melasma can be performed effectively by small visual.

However, at the moment, the health care provider may recommend a skin biopsy to rule out other diseases that may reflect Melasma and to verify a melasma diagnosis further. One testing technique that can clinically diagnose Melasma is with the help of a Wood’s Lamp. A special kind of black light enables the clinician to view the existence of too much melanin in the epidermis and check for fungal or bacterial infections to determine how many layers of Skin the Melasma are affecting.

Various severe other skin conditions  to rule out the following possibilities:

  • Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
  • Actinic Lichen Planus
  • Hydroquinone-Induced Exogenous Ochronosis.

Causes of Melasma


Speaking as a multi-specialty skin specialist or a dermatologist with years of acquaintance in the medical field, sees various cosmetic & clinical conditions almost every day. Irrespective of the patient’s skin color, one constant is that irritated/inflamed skin poses potential intimidation of pigmenting darker than the patient’s baseline.

For example, I’ve got in contact with patients having stress from OTC primers, support, highlighters, and bronzers that following the right (or wrong) procurements can cause Melasma.

While the situation is not restricted to just the general sections, celebs too are easy to touch to pigmentation/melasma.

If you heard Jenna Dewan Tatum, who struggled with Melasma for a long after delivering her 4-year old daughter-Everly, you (especially the pregnant women) would understand that a proper plan of performance in reliable hands can do 75% of your task of releasing off the Melasma.

Others celebs like Drew Barrymore, Sarah Silverman have also given their experience with the condition and how simple procedures and products can help one control over dealing with Melasma.

Causes— Monitor for the Ultimate Culprits

Melasma itself is due to an undue increase in the amount of pigment in your skin, making it form darker, blotchy patches. Most dermatologists are seen saying that the cause of Melasma is entirely unknown, but (the expert) at Derma World Delhi, Dr.Vijay kumar, is pretty sure that a kind of factor can begin Melasma. The specialist dermatologist insists that not one or two reasons can create Melasma. Still, a range of physical, environmental, and cosmetic reasons remains to be the trigger of Melasma pigmentation in one’s skin.

Melasma can be brought on by.

  • Contraception or Birth control Pills: Women on contraceptive or birth control medicines or who have implants so as intrauterine devices (IUD) may also be at the chance of developing this dysfunction. It is due to the division in levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones in the body.
  • Certain Medications: As already mentioned, the more irritated the skin, the higher is the risk of forming Melasma. That said, there are specific topical treatments or skincare/cosmetic products that cause skin irritation and gaping melasma jaws.
  • Family History: More than 35% of patients, whether women or men (especially in Japan) enduring from Melasma, have a family past of pigment disorder. The congenital irregularity in dermal pigmental can be acquired by the mother, grandmother, or sister who suffers from it. So, here again, genes are guilty. Have a sign on your family tree to see if others in your family have had this skin disease. Doing so would slightly help with self-diagnosis or give your doctor valuable information to help diagnose your condition.
  • Hormone replacement therapy: Receiving hormone replacement therapy can also have Melasma due to hormonal balance changes during the procedure. Also, postmenopausal females taking progesterone during hormone replacement treatment have a higher percentage of growing Melasma. While the women taking only estrogen (and not progesterone) and undergoing hormone replacement treatment have a much lower tendency to develop the skin disorder.
  • Sun exposure: One of the common causes of skin pigmentation problems amongst males and females is sun exposure. It may begin to Melasma pigmentation and influence sun-damaged skin in the form of blotchy patches, brown spots, dryness, etc. Extreme exposure to the sun is recognized to activate the body’s melanocytes, producing more melanin.
  • The link between pregnancy and Melasma is termed as the skin condition called chloasma. Studies to determine the fundamental role of pregnancy with Melasma are still under scrutiny, though some amazing facts have been learned from research. Levels of hormones like melanocortin, estrogen, and progesterone that hit too high and higher during pregnancy are assumed to be the leading factors leading to Melasma in pregnant women.
  • The good news is that most women who suffer from Melasma during pregnancy report having it gone away after childbirth. However, a particular form of Melasma that may appear in non-pregnant women due to underlying hormonal shifts needs resolution. The various methods may dissolve the problem that may include chemical peels, skin creams, dermabrasion, and Microdermabrasion.
  • Treatments that may disturb hormonal balance: If hormonal events incite the condition, progesterone is mainly believed to be the trigger. Women experience an increased progesterone level during their 2nd& 3rd trimester of pregnancy which precipitates this pigmentary problem.

Then some people are connected to get changed by Melasma due to family and other factors like:

Who is Concerned /Who Gets Melasma?

To take you up to hurry on this skin condition, we turned to Delhi-based dermatologist Dr. Vijay kumar, MBBS, MD.
People of Latin or Asian origin have a more prominent tendency to be affected by this skin condition.
Those with olive-colored skin, such as Caucasians, Hispanics, and Middle-Eastern or North African descent, are likely to be at risk.
People practicing poor compliance with daily sunblocks, ineffectual SPF (<30), and missing to regularly use sunscreen & reapply (particularly in immediate sunlight) have more excellent rates of getting Melasma.

Types of Melasma and its Clinical features

Types of Melasma

Yes, Melasma can be of 3 typeexhibiting different characteristics. These are:


  • Patches of dark brown color
  • It seems apparent under black light
  • Balanced border with matching marks on both sides of the face
  • Responds good to medical treatment and peeling treatments


  • Patches of light-brown or Bluish
  • No change in color under black light
  • Responds poorly to treatment


  • The most common type forms a Combination of blue-gray and dark brown patches
  • Varied grading under black light
  • Incomplete change with treatment and bleaching factors

Where is Melasma seen on the body?

Melasma is clinically expressed by hyperpigmentation or discoloration or predominantly on the face. There are three kinds of common facial patterns that have been discovered in Melasma, mandibular (jawbone), malar (cheekbones), including centrofacial (center of the face).
The upper surfaces of the neck tend to be less likely affected in Melasma.
The malar pattern is highlighted on the upper cheeks, while the mandibular way is attached to the jaw.
The centrofacial pattern Melasma is the prevalent form of this condition and involves the forehead, cheeks, chin, nose, upper lip.
Melasma can rarely show its presence on other parts of the body like the thighs, belly, or forearms. Though, one study exposed the existence of Melasma on the forearms of people having progesterone. It was subjected to a distinctive pattern seen in Native American research.

Can Melasma Be Stopped?

What can you do to prevent or stop Melasma?

Dr. Vijay kumar says to think of Melasma condition like an hourglass filled in the sand. “He advises patients that the level of sand falling steadily in the bottom glass is the quantity of pigment they have at any provided time on their skin.

If they use a proper method, get light fruit-acid peels and good quality topical/bleaching cream in a regulated clinical set-up. It can reduce the amount of sand (pigment) in the skin, perhaps almost zero, so that their face’s affected areas are clear. But, their hormone problems will replace the sand in the glass if they do not maintain therapy,” a dermatologist says.

Since most of the maximum readings and research being started on Melasma focuses mainly on its origins and treatment of underlying problems and hormonal unevenness, AWISH Clinic Dermatologist Dr. Vijay kumar says there are known methods of preventing it. One foremost being to stay out of the sun to avoid Melasma from increasing.

The specific precautionary steps of Melasma rest unclear in the absence of knowing what type and severity level of Melasma. If the condition is in the early stages, Dr. Vijay kumar can make complete prevention potential for you and recommend ways to reduce the risk of receiving it. These include:

  • Avoiding UV rays: Another most well-known cause of Melasma is unnecessary exposure to UV rays. Though the sun emits different kinds of electromagnetic radiation, 99% of its rays are Ultraviolet rays, Infrared Rays, and Visible light. Even human-made electric lights and lamps emit UV rays. Thus, using a broad-spectrum sunscreen of not < SPF 30 containing zinc oxide or titanium dioxide becomes necessary. Also, UV light quickly passes through clouds, so wearing sunblock daily–particularly during swims and extended outdoor activities makes for excellent prevention upon Melasma. Reapplying sunscreen after every two hours goes for optimal effectiveness.
  • Avoiding waxing: Yes! Waxing is not a choice for people facing Melasma. Want to know How?? Hair removal techniques other than waxing can choose to zap off unwanted hair because waxing can irritate the skin and cause Melasma to intensify. If hair removal is essential to you, discuss with the dermatologist about more reliable methods.
  • Stopping using irritating topical products, bleaching factors: Harsh soaps, scented shower gels, or deodorants have the capacity of annoying and blazing up the skin Use only mild soaps, shower gels, creams, cruelty-free cosmetics, and other skincare products that are typically non-comedogenic and smooth. Anything that burns or stings and infuriates your skin will suitable make Melasma more complicated.
  • Keeping skin shielded from direct sunlight: Applying sunblock of correct SPF is vital & can save oneself from the hostility of Melasma. You are wearing a wide brim hat and protective, skin-friendly clothes when outside can do the needful to withdraw direct sun. Nutritional complements like Sunsafe Rx have been given to protect skin and eyes from the sun. One pill per day aids in producing natural, healthy, effective anti-aging protection upon sun rays. Every moment spent in the sun (especially summers) breaks a person’s skin. Though, nutritional complements prepared with natural ingredients from foods and plants like Antioxidine are always working: protect your whole body, defend your skin and eyes from sun damage, aren’t greasy/messy, and won’t rub off. Sunsafe Rx may be the single most powerful anti–aging product you ever use.

Melasma in Men

Melasma is an acquired facial hyper melanosis found characteristically in sun-exposed sites of the skin. Though Melasma predominantly affects many women (90%), it has become a severe cosmetic problem for men, too, with Indian guys more commonly affected.

Here is conveyed to you the kind of Melasma in men, its pathogenesis, and treatment decisions.

Melasma originated from the Greek word that means– ‘Black.’ A synonymous term is also used—also derived from Greek, means— ‘Green.’ Hence, Melasma is preferably used since hypomelanosis is more brownish than green.

Infrequently seen in men, many endogenous and exogenous factors causing Male Melasma were examined, but the specific cause in the gender has not been finally clarified.

Causes of Melasma in Men

In many studies conducted on Men with Melasma, sun exposure has been documented as the primary offenderThe usual common Melasma trigger being sun exposure, and ultraviolet radiation in men is expected to boost melanin production, protecting the skin from darkening in tone.

More than women, men are deceived into getting trapped under Melasma due to sun exposure, especially in the summertime months. Around 48.8 % of the male victims have skin conditions due to sun exposure which is more than double compared to the female patients with 23.9%.

More men taking this pigmentary difficulty include either the outside workers, poultry workers living in high altitude regions of northern India, or have family records or histories of prolonged sun exposure.

Despite gender, Melasma has been chronicled to be obtained from family members. While family history is not always the accused, this kind of hyperpigmentation has been advised to move down in 1/3rd of the family members who have experienced the condition.

The association of induction of Melasma in Men is also documented to be the application of cosmetics and misuse of certain medications and other photosensitizing mixtures.

Though unusual, in research, the use of mustard oil for hair and body massage was also seen to be a relevant factor more prevalent in men with Melasma (45%) than women (30%), though the distinction was analytically trivial.

The logic behind this was that Mustard oil works as a photosensitizer, leading to facial pigmentation, principally on the face’s temporal region and forehead.

Labeled as pernicious: Melanoderma in India, this kind of pigmentation gives real hardship in differentiating Melasma. For the use of mustard oil was discovered in a substantial number of cases, one might hypothesize that mustard oil plays a character in cropping up of Melasma between patients who use it.

Howbeit, further investigations are required to realize the link between mustard oil and Melasma.

The medication phenytoin has been reported to be a causative agent in 7.4% of men with Melasma in two Indian studies. Recently, imatinib has also been given to support melasma/pigmentation.

Some incurable conditions have been observed in men with Melasma, including inflammatory bowel disease, thyroid, and typhoid disorder.

Three men have been shown with a thyroid disorder, 1 (inflammatory bowel disease) and 1 (recently recovered from typhoid in a study). But, the relationship of Melasma with the incurable disease still needs monitoring and confirming by moreover studies.

Furthermore, the proportion of Melasma with thyroid conditions has also been stated, with a higher rate of thyroid autoimmunity leading place in patients with Melasma, but the results have been discussing. Even in women with Melasma, prolonged illness was seen in 20.1%

The likeliness of exogenous elements being a causative factor of Melasma in males is actually lower than that of females because of the comparatively minor use of cosmetics between men. But Studies have not been ready to discover any link between Melasma and the use of any chemical.

In a Vazquez et al. research, uses of cosmetics such as shaving creams, aftershaves, soaps, perfumes, and deodorants and were reported in 25 (92.6%) men with Melasma. It could not determine the use of a single cosmetic among the patients, and none of the patients considered the development of Melasma to the usage of cosmetics.

Clinical Performance of Melasma in Men

Melasma is ideal for sun-exposed areas, neither an infection of any kind nor harmful. Where symmetric dark or light brownish dots in shape or converging macules are seen, they are commonly sharpened delimited, especially on the forehead, cheeks, chin, and upper lip.

It is a kind of hyperpigmentation and most commonly displays on the face, especially the bridge of the nose, upper lip, cheeks, chin, and forehead – but can also be noticed on the neck and forearm.

Melasma can be distinguished into the following types:

  • Centro-facial type: The punctuate formed patches look on the forehead, nose, upper lip, chin, and cheeks.
  • Mandibular type: The condition occurs in symmetrical malar sign-on mandibular ramus.
  • Malar type: limited to nose and cheeks


Malar pattern is also common in men, whereas the dentofacial type is mainly seen in women. It appears slightly bluish due to the Tyndall effect, where partial highlighting of pigmentation is present.

A rare variant of Melasma in men can occur on the arms.

The wood lamp can statistically divide skin pigmentation depth. In the epidermal type of Melasma, accentuating burgeoned pigment (50% of cases in Sarkar et al. study) to dermal type (5% in Sarkar st.) was not.

Mixed type of Melasma has shown the prevalence in men (45% of Sarkar study cases). The disorder’s intensity can be objectified by Melanin index (MI) values calculated by the specific gauging meter, Melanin Area and Severity Index (MASI) including sites, the frequency of support, and patient self-assessment.

Melasma is an aesthetic/cosmetic skincare, and so is its treatment. For this purpose, melasma treatment for men may appear to be a challenge due to their knowledge about being used for cosmetic objectives.

However, men expected to get dressed and get freed of Melasma should seek an expert dermatologist that reduces the potential distress and embarrassment that seeped inside the prospective patient.

AWISH clinic Delhi has been cataloged in the capital’s list of the most delicate skin centers with a highly experienced and humble doctor and management team providing the most comfortable procedures, a high success rate, and even more convinced patients.

It is important to instruct the patient and give proper information on proper skincare routines and procedural knowledge to tackle and treat the condition optimally. Once a professional dermatologist is propitiously ready to communicate the various procedures and products to handle Melasma, it provides the male client instant satisfaction.


Melasma is commonly seen in Indian men because the main causative agents being sun exposure, Ultraviolet radiation, and family records between the male patients. With men are chosen with Melasma, most happen under the age limit of 20to 50years.

Clinical patterns highlight the highest number of men with the malar type (61%), dentofacial (29.4%), and mandibular in (9.8%). Melasma in men is surely less frequent than in women, but it shares the same severity, clinical, histopathological characteristics, and treatment.

Tour of a Melasma/Pigmentation Patient

Presently that we have discussed the relevant parts and precautionary ways to cure Melasma, a person who suffers, they cannot overcome this condition even after done their’s utmost leads to a painful journey filled with hopelessness.

A patient experiencing Melasma or Hyperpigmentation seems not to look very confident. Demoted self-esteem caused due to the distressing skin disease makes the person pull out all the stops, break one’s neck and finally go broke, accepting every recommendation by the advisory groups. But with every failure, patients tend to lose hope of achieving back the original skin and lose energy to resolve the problem.

In search of suitable treatment, the most patient visited a dermatologist and was recommended to avail the following treatment:

  • Hydroquinone
  • Steroids
  • Glycolic Peels

The above-suggested treatment costs around Rs. 3000 – Rs. 5000 per peel. And the snares of these recommended treatments are that these:

  • Only 30% – 40% success rate
  • Not very pleasing results
  • Deliver Short term results

With not even satisfactory results, the patients switch to another dermatologist where the provider advises almost the same therapies but at different brand and time intervals.

The grieved patient yet again made to fritter away another 7k-8k merely 60-70days and, after getting procedures and products from many different clinics, draws close to Rs’ total expenditure. 20k+ for Melasma pigmentation procedures or treatment but with certainly NO pleasing results

Now, with so many failed strategies, the patient considered Melasma as an enduring will for them and choose to be with it as it is.

But there is a way to victory in the battle against Melasma pigmentation at the capital’s best dermatologist Dr. Vijay kumar.

Be confident, be active about your success because you don’t even know how strong you are till you are required to bring that hidden energy forward. Still, the expert dermatologist is all level-headed with his first-class line of treatments that have shown above 90% success rate. They are accepted widely outside India and continues to trounce the mild-to-severe Melasma cases.

Treatment of Melasma


For some women, especially child-bearing mothers, Melasma goes on its own. It critically grows up when it’s caused by pregnancy or birth control medicines.

At home, use OTC products with brightening components like kojic acid and arbutin. Local steroids and creams your acknowledged healthcare provider can prescribe can lighten the skin and the afflicted areas.

If these fail to achieve desirably, chemical peels, dermabrasion, and Microdermabrasion can be the possible options. These treatments are used to eliminate the top layers of skin and may help reduce dark patches.

You might have to respond for follow-up visits and stick to specific skin treatment practices to reduce the risk of the Melasma returning. These include reducing your sun exposure and using sunscreen daily.

Although, Dr. Vijay kumar says that these procedures don’t promise that Melasma is ultimately lightening or it won’t grow back, and that these will only turn out to be beneficial for people in the initial stages of Melasma, and that they will ultimately necessitate seeing a dermatologist for more potent, successful treatment.

Let’s consult the viable options and combination treatments that the dermatologist offers as promising positive outcomes.

Dermatologist Treatment Choices

For some, Melasma only remains to be around for several months or years, but others can grow to blow with this skin disease for many years, even permanent. In such cases, known treatments are the best solution.

A professional dermatologist is capable of grabbing your Melasma in a few different ways:

Carbon Blasting

Carbon Blasting is a peeling treatment process that serves best for people with dull skin, oily skin, acne, blackheads, and enlarged pores on the face or body. It is an effective way to rejuvenate and shed the dull-dead skin, providing an immediate rekindling look while leaving prettier, firmer, and softer skin.

In this process, a liquid carbon layer is applied to the affected skin, penetrating beneath into the pores. Laser light is extremely attracted to the carbon parts. When the laser light hangs over the area, it damages the carbon, carrying away the oil, bacteria, dead skin cells, and infections with it. This method provides many benefits to the skin like shedding fat, reducing Acne, Cleansing, Exfoliating, and Revitalizing.

Cosmelan® Peels or ZO® Peels for Melasma

Cosmelan® Peel is a pharmaceutical procedure used mainly for treating different kinds of pigmentations of the face, neck, and hands. This peel is helpful in enhancing fairness and thus augmenting skin radiance. It takes less than 10 minutes to conduct a Cosmelan peel, and the patient can take off the peel with normal water at home.

ZO 3 Peel is an exfoliating peel worked in the Melasma treatment that works by promoting both ZO Skin regular healthy skincare routine and ZO Medical healing mechanisms to stretch and excite their potential. ZO® Peels are formed to be performed as a series of treatments for constant skin health revitalization and recovery.

ZO 3 peel layers off the external skin layers, replenishes the deeper layers of skin, and encourages skin cells’ functioning. It further helps decrease the skin burns caused by peels, pollution, hormones, and sun. ZO 3 peel also improves fine lines, wrinkles, large/open pores, acne, texture roughness, sun damage, and skin dullness. An exciting thing about the peel is that is suitable and safe for all skin type and tones.

“Additionally, if patients are preparing to support Melasma treatment cures, it is much more useful if they stay aside from direct sun exposure, he tells.”

If they are inadequate to adhere to this, he shows them another way to beat the heat.

However, it can treat this condition, but their sun exposure may shrink the swiftness of the effectiveness of our treatment.”

Chemical Peels

Light chemical peels involve the method of using salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or other chemical syntheses to drop off the top layers of skin from the desired areas of the face for an also even skin tone and texture. After completing the procedure, the skin will become sensitive and pink—many say it feels almost like a mild sunburn. After several days, the skin will begin to peel. Superficial skin peels can be sent every two months.

Glycolic Acid and Priming

Glycolic acid is impressively beneficial in shedding and flipping up the skin to ‘bounce’ out the unnecessary pigmentation. Performed slowly, chemical peels can significantly improve with treating Melasma.

To improve the actual impact of glycolic peels in the treatment of Melasma, priming agents, particularly and retinoic acid (0.025%) and Hydroquinone (2%), are commonly used on the skin to make the skin for the peel and also help in removing out the excessive pigmentation.

Salicylic and Glycolic acid is technically equivalent in terms of efficacy. The pre-peel priming of the skin using topical Tretinoin may be crucial before beginning the peeling treatment for Melasma. Priming facial skin using topical Tretinoin before performing peeling for melasma treatment is predominantly suggested for better efficacy.

Your skin becomes treatment ready after doing the above two steps.


Have you considered if there is any Melasma that is difficult to treat?

Yes, the Dermal type of Melasma is usually difficult to treat. A person may need a laser that can deeply penetrate the dermis.

Fractional laser is a different highly suggested laser procedure that has given encouraging effects with Melasma over various skin colors and types. This laser implodes the laser light beam into smaller pixels that can provide a more profound and more potent treatment without burning the skin.

Q Switch-Nd: YAG lasers at lowering fluence is the several potent laser technique used in the treatment of Dermal Melasma.

It has the least to None downtime.

Take a reminder that if you have Melasma, darkening skin, or pigmentation that is hormone affiliated or has happened during, then do not let your provider practice lasers on your face. Many lasers make Melasma distressed, and it is necessary to choose a trusted laser treatment expert for Melasma.


This treatment course involves injecting small quantities of pharmaceutic drugs, vitamins, plant extracts, homeopathic, removing agents, anti-aging composites, and other ingredients just below the surface of the skin via injection. This direct penetration mainly affects the targeted area immediately and produces apparent effects with reduced downtime.

For intensified pigmentation like Melasma, skin imperfections, post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation, and this process of Mesotherapy function most desirably to bring lightening agents such as Vitamin C and Glutathione to direct into the layers of skin. Notable change can be seen in just 3-4 sittings.

Not just an optimum treatment for Melasma, but it additionally helps in peeling off the wrinkles and fine lines, rectifying sun-damaged skin, and serves as a jewel glow treatment. Scar filling, critically caused by acne, can be performed upon by delivering ingredients like hyaluronic acid into the afflicted areas.

What’s more agreeable about the Mesotherapy treatment is that it is less costly than fillers, and one can see exciting results in just a few sittings.


The process includes using vacuum suction and a caustic substance like aluminum oxide crystals or fine diamond bits to flake off the skin’s top layers. Depending on the limit and the sensation of the skin, the vacuum pressure is improved.

The technique used in Microdermabrasion is certified to show improvement in Melasma but declared effects are not usually observed or assumed after one or two treatments.

Regular sessions of Microdermabrasion as directed by the laser therapist may help to reduce the occurrence of Melasma, as this procedure helps to increase cell turnover, getting relieved of cells already moved by the hyperpigmentation. Remember to not always try this kind of procedure without the help of an experienced professional.

Regular microdermabrasion treatment sittings can do everywhere from several minutes to one hour. Minimum to NO recovery time is needed after Microdermabrasion.

With Microdermabrasion, new skin problems can surface if the practitioner does not consider the patient’s particular skin type.

Multiple Microdermabrasion treatments in Blending with creams and sunblocks yield the best results.


Nevertheless, the mainstay for Melasma treatment in the budding phase of the disease remains topical depigmenting agents. Medications are effective for early-stage sufferers.

Hydroxyquinone (HQ): It is the best possible and still frequently used the first-line agent, both solely and combined with other agents, although there are concerns about adverse effects with long-term use. This is the most common treatment choice for Melasma and is also regarded as the standard gold treatment by the National Institutes of Health for treating Melasma; one can procure the most effective cure for the problem.

Utilizing Hydroquinone to the skin lightens the targeted zone, and this medicine is prepared in the form of an alcohol-based fluid solution, lotion, cream, or gel. You can have some of those topical choices without a direction. Still, these are usually less intense (less effective) than the options your dermatologist would suggest, as those products don’t have as much Hydroquinone. Also, the skin’s safety is disputed.

Tretinoin: Owing to Tretinoin’s potential to promote and facilitate the effects of Hydroquinone and improve the effectiveness of other treatments, your dermatologist may guide Tretinoin.

Sometimes prescribed as an addition to HQ, added boost of help for some cases that don’t react to HQ solely. Sequences of Tretinoin with Hydroquinone HQ, with topical or without a topical corticosteroid, have been excited.

The only topical ointment currently licensed by the United States FDA for Melasma treatment is a triple-combination cream, a conglomeration of Tretinoin 0.05% (Tri-Luma), Hydroquinone 4%, acetonide 0.01%, and fluocinolone.

Also, while treatment of Melasma with this medication, the provider should keep in mind not to transmit the site unprotected as this can lead to a burning sensation, hyperpigmentation, dryness, and irritation.

Corticosteroid: Many healthcare experts promote prescription products that contain three ingredients: retinoid, corticosteroid, and Hydroquinone.  These factors are a by-product of vitamin A and increase keratinocyte turnover, helping speed up skin cell turnover and decreased melanocyte activity, decreasing inflammation.

They also uplift the acceptable capacity of the epidermis, allowing for better administration of add-on treatments. It is quintessential to abstain from guiding systemic retinoid therapy to pregnant or planning to become pregnant.

According to one research conducted at Sty Luke’s Roosevelt Hospital, about 70 % of patients noticed an almost 75% increase in their Melasma only after two months of using this kind of product.


Mandelic Acid

Received from the sour almonds, Mandelic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid. However, the Mandelic acid is calibrated to perforate less intensely into the skin but is quite gentle on the skin. But following the above two steps makes for the peel’s pathway to go deeper into the skin.

Presently, Mandelic acid is a go-to anti-aging substance in the cosmetic care industry. Application of Mandelic Acid two days before Cosmelan Therapy is mainly fruitful to increase cell turnover by dispensing the tiny bonds that bind skin cells together, assisting in eliminating dead skin from the skin’s surface cause fine lines, wrinkles, and dull/pale tones.

Mandelic acid also helps in increasing collagen that gives the young skin firmness. This expedited flow of scraping thins out the surface skin layer called the layer corneum.

A thinner layer corneum projects better, lighter, and makes skin look brighter, dewy, and younger. Mandelic acid and other alpha-hydroxy acids frequently subside the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and improve the skin texture.

The peeling of skin begins after two days and remains for up to 7 days or longer after working Cosmelan. During the process of healing, hydra essential factor K cream is usually advised by skin specialists. The result is perfect, more beautiful, brighter, and illuminating, smoother skin.

Post-treatment maintenance needs sun protection.

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